All About Alumni / Winter 2012
The 2,000-Year Info Revolution

“Computers” have assisted humans through history


Below is a selection of items from the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California, where U of T grad Dag Spicer (BA 1993 TRIN, MA 1995), is senior curator (see Computer Whiz).

Image ©2005 Antikythera Mechanism Research Project.

Antikythera Mechanism (150–100 BC): The multiply geared machine, dredged up from the depths of the Aegean Sea at the turn of the 20th century, helped the ancient Greeks predict the location of the planets and moon and the timing of eclipses – making it the earliest known astronomical calculator.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Photo by Mark RichardsHollerith Electric Tabulating System (1889): Herman Hollerith’s machine won a contest to tabulate the 1890 U.S. census, using punch cards. His patents eventually became the basis of IBM’s business, and the company made punch cards a central element of computing up to the early 1980s.
 
 
 
Photo by Mark Richards
Enigma Machine
(1928): It was used by the Nazis to send secret messages during the Second World War – secret until British intellectuals used Polish intelligence and a computing device named the Bombe to break the code. Encrypting and decrypting technology remains relevant for sensitive emails.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Photo by Mark RichardsXerox Alto (1973). The personal computer as we know it grew from a model Xerox – it had the first mouse, rudimentary email and whatyou- see-is-what-you-get laser printing.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Photo by Mark RichardsGoogle Server Rack (1999). With a company founded in their garage, Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin assembled racks of electronics and the software that enabled their search engine to achieve world domination.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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