University of Toronto Magazine University of Toronto Magazine
Protesters at an alt-right rally in Berkeley, California
Photo by Kevin Jenco, Wikipedia Creative Commons


An anti-fascist movement that started in 1930s Europe is making headlines again

When Donald Trump famously said last summer that there was “blame on both sides” regarding the violence in Charlottesville, Virginia, he was referring to the neo-Nazis on the right and the “antifa,” or anti-fascists, on the left.

The antifa movement began in 1930s Europe but has been in the news recently for clashing with white supremacists in the U.S., notably at an alt-right rally in Berkeley, California.

Antifa stands out from other liberal and left movements, says Alex Hanna, a professor of information at U of T Mississauga, because its members are willing to destroy the property of – and inflict violence on – white nationalists. They can also be violent toward corporations and police, whom they see as complicit in perpetuating racism and white supremacy. The antifa ideology tends to be “anti-state and left libertarian,” says Hanna, favouring “small groups working together.”

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