University of Toronto Magazine University of Toronto Magazine
Frugal Fortification
Stanley Zlotkin

Frugal Fortification

A U of T nutritional scientist has developed a low-cost product to fight vitamin and mineral deficiency in developing countries

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies cause widespread illness and early death in many developing nations. Anemia, for instance, usually caused by iron deficiency, is the world’s second-leading cause of disability, affecting just under half of preschool children and more than half of pregnant women in low-income countries.

In Canada, staple foods and children’s cereals are commercially fortified with iron and other essential vitamins and minerals. It’s an effective remedy – North American malnutrition prevalence is a fraction of that of developing nations. But it’s both expensive and unsuitable for areas where food comes straight from the field rather than through a factory.

Stanley Zlotkin, a professor of nutritional sciences and pediatrics, has spent more than a decade championing an innovative – and frugal – alternative: home fortification.

His product, called “Sprinkles,” is a sachet of powder containing enough micronutrients for one child for one day. The powder costs two to three cents per packet to produce, and when mixed in with a meal, helps prevent anemia, rickets, and other conditions brought on through malnutrition.

Affordability was just one of several factors Zlotkin considered when developing the product. “The other important components are convenience, no requirement for users to be literate, and ability to use traditional local infant food,” he says. “Sprinkles can be added to any semi-solid food, without changing the taste, texture, colour or smell.”

To arrive at this seemingly simple solution, Zlotkin spent years researching, experimenting and then promoting his product. His work has involved everything from learning how to encase nutrients in soy to keep them from affecting the food to finding partners who could produce and distribute Sprinkles all over the world.

Zlotkin’s innovative sachets have reached about 15 million children, and the Sprinkles Global Health Initiative has active collaborations in more than a dozen countries, from Ghana to Guyana.

Recent Posts

Photo of front campus field and Convocation Hall with flower emoji illustrations floating above

Clearing the Air

U of T wants to drastically cut carbon emissions by 2050. It’s enlisting on-campus ingenuity for help

Abstract illustration showing a red-coloured body and face, with small black and white pieces flowing from inside body out of the mouth, and the U.S. Capitol Building dangling on puppet strings from one hand

The Extremism Machine

Online disinformation poses a danger to society. Researchers at U of T’s Citizen Lab are tracking it – and trying to figure out how to stop it

Prof. Mark V. Campbell with a beige background and red lighting

Charting Hip Hop’s Course

Professor Mark V. Campbell grew up during the early years of rap music. Now, he is helping preserve Canadian hip-hop culture for future generations

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *